kunal-chowdhury.com

How to inherit a class in TypeScript? -- TypeScript Tutorial for beginners


Just like any other OOPs supported languages, TypeScript also allows you to inherit a base class. In the last article, we learned how to create class in TypeScript. We have also learned how to create a constructor and how to instantiate a class object.

 

In this article of the TypeScript Tutorial for beginners series, we will learn how to inherit a TypeScript class. Continue reading to learn it today.

 

TypeScript Tutorial for beginners -- Getting started with TypeScript -- How to inherit a class in TypeScript?

 

👉 TypeScript Tutorial - Getting started with TypeScript

 

Inheritance in TypeScript

In TypeScript, you can inherit a class from another class. Just use the extends keyword to perform inheritance. Consider the following example to understand it better:

 

class Person {
 // properties
 firstName: string;
 lastName: string;
 
 // construtor
 constructor (fName: string, lName: string) {
  // fill the properties
  this.firstName = fName;
  this.lastName = lName;
 }
 
 // method
 getFullName() {
  return `${firstName} ${lastName}`;
 }
}

class Employee extends Person {
 // properties
 empID: string;
 designation: string;
 
 // construtor
 constructor (fName: string, lName: string,
     eID: string, desig: string) {
  // call the base class constructor
  super(fName, lName);
  
  // fill the other properties
  this.empID = eID;
  this.designation = desig;
 }
 
 // method
 toString() {
  return `${empID} - ${firstName} ${lastName}
    => ${designation}`;
 }
}

 

Here the Employee class inherits its base Person by writing class Employee extends Person. In the derived class super(...) can be used to call the constructor of the base class. For example, super(fName, lName) in Employee class constructor calls the base class constructor by passing the parameter values fName and lName.

 

Now, in the following code snippet, we created the instance of the Employee class and passed four parameters to its constructor. In the implementation of the Employee class constructor, we called the base class constructor to pass the first name and last name of the employee. So, when you call the toString() method of the derived class, it will print out both the properties.

 

let employee: Employee = new Employee("Kunal",
                                      "Chowdhury",
                                      "EMP001022",
                                      "Software Engineer"
                                     );
console.log(employee.toString());

 

Summary

Let's summarize what we learned today. We learned how to inherit a class from a base class in TypeScript using the extends keyword. Then we discussed how to call a base class constructor by passing the respective values to it. In the next article of this tutorial series, we will discuss about interface. Till then, happy learning!

 

👉 TypeScript Tutorial - Getting started with TypeScript

 

 



Kunal Chowdhury
If you have come this far, it means that you liked what you are reading (How to inherit a class in TypeScript? -- TypeScript Tutorial for beginners).
Why not reach little more and connect with me directly on Twitter, Facebook, Google+ and LinkedIn. I would love to hear your thoughts and opinions on my articles directly.

Don't forget to share your feedback/queries in the comment section below.